An innovative project has been proposed by Axel de Stampa and Sylvain Macaux, dubbed “Casa Futebol,” that will aim to transform Brazil’s World Cup stadiums, and intends to renovate the stadiums in a way that will help the growing deficit of housing for Brazilians. The stadiums will continue to be used to host various soccer matches, but their seats will be partially replaced by prefabricated housing, and the outside facade will be colonized.
The plan proposes that modular housing units be installed between concrete pylons and stacked around the stadium’s perimeter, which will help to make the most use of the space that is not being used. The architects plan to keep the stadium active for games and will use the revenue that is generated to help them continue maintenance on the residential units.
“The project covers 12 Brazilian stadiums,… There are actually six stadiums where we can colonize the exterior facade. Five of these have an exterior structure composed of concrete and metal columns separated by seven or eight meters (23 to 26 ft). We just have to insert pre-fabricated housing using the existing structures... The project is based on modular pre-fabricated houses, so the only thing that changes is the implantation of the houses.” says Stampa.
It is estimated that if all 12 stadiums are successfully converted, the stadiums could easily house between 1,500 and 2,000 people each, a total of approximately 20,000 people. This stadium recycling proposal is part of a ‘1 week 1 project’ architecture assignment. For the project, Stampa and Macaux endeavor to produce spontaneous architecture projects every week for one year. While there are no concrete plans as of yet to implement the stadium changes, the pair hopes that their vision inspires others to think of similar socially conscious alternatives, and push for their implementation.
Aside from illuminating the best in soccer, the recent World Cup games in Brazil also helped to highlight the gulf between the rich and poor within the nation. While many were eager for the sporting events to take place, many within the region and around the world were put-off by the obscene amount of money that they saw as wasted on the event.
It’s hard to justify spending millions of dollars toward one sporting event when thousands of citizens within Brazil are homeless, starving, and suffering themselves. Tens of thousands of people took to the streets in Brazil prior to (and during) the World Cup, in an effort to bring attention to their grievances over the money that was being spent, and the poor conditions for other Brazilians that continue to be ignored. These protests continued despite Brazil declaring such actions illegal.
For the entire sporting event, Brazil allocated and spent more than 11 billion dollars, which left many wondering if the investment was worth it and how much the country is going to profit from the 12 new stadiums now that the tournament is completed. Some nations, like Germany and France, were able to recover their initial investments because they were able to get substantial use from the stadiums following the World Cup games. Other nations, like South Korea and Japan, weren’t so lucky.
Brazil will also be hosting the 2016 Olympics, and this provides a new opportunity for the country to get more use from the stadiums as they try to make up for the money that was spent. However, as is the fashion with Olympic celebrations, Brazil will undoubtedly be spending even more money on that sporting event. For the next World Cup, Russia will be hosting the games next and they are already believed to be spending at least $7 billion on stadium preparation.
Still, using stadiums to house the unfortunate on the facade is a creative and efficient way of helping people without constructing new buildings. Here’s hoping the project gets more than just some serious consideration.